Answers to your Questions

What is the broad classification of fats?

In general, fats or lipids can be classified into triglycerides, cholesterol, phospholipids, fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K, and other lipids. The triglycerides are divided into saturated fatty acids (short-chain, medium-chain, long-chain), and unsaturated fatty acids (monounsaturated, polyunsaturated).

What kind of fat is coconut oil?

Coconut oil is composed of vegetable saturated fats called medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs), or medium-chain fatty acids (MCFAs).

Medium-chain fatty acids contain between 6 and 12 carbon chains. They are C6 – caproic acid, C8 – caprylic acid, C10 – capric acid, and C12 – lauric acid.

What is the right term for coconut oil – butter, oil, or fat?

Coconut butter is a vegetable saturated fat. The main reason for its different names (coconut oil, butter or fat) are the different states of coconut oil (liquid or solid), which depend on the temperature of the room in which it is stored. Due to the higher temperatures in warm countries, the coconut fat remains in liquid state, but in Europe, where the temperatures are generally below 23° C, coconut fat becomes solid.

What is lauric acid?

Lauric acid is a medium-chain fatty acid, known and appreciated throughout the world as a powerful antiseptic, and is used in the food industry, pharmacy, and pharmaceutical additives. Among all medium-chain fatty acids present in coconut oil, the lauric acid constitutes as much as 45-55 %.

How much lauric acid does Cobio’s coconut oil contain?

Cobio’s coconut oil contains approximately 50% of lauric acid.

How are the medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) metabolized?

Medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) are very easy to metabolize because they do not require pancreatic digestive enzymes or bile in the process. Medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) are released into the bloodstream by the liver and are not stored in fatty tissue. They are metabolized through beta-oxidation (fat burning) and used as fuel for the body. This means a lesser burden for the liver, pancreas, and the entire digestive system, which can also affect the absorption of other nutrients.

Medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) are broken down into individual fatty acids before they leave the stomach. So when they reach the small intestine they do not need need to undergo further processing. The body can immediately send them directly to the liver via the portal vein, thus avoiding the lipoprotein metabolic pathway. These medium-chain triglycerides are then used by the liver as fuel for generating energy and are not stored within fat cells. The rise in energy levels boosts the metabolism, which in turn burns more calories. The calories you eat are thus quickly consumed and fewer calories remain to be stored within the fat cells.

Why it is beneficial to protect your skin with coconut oil?

Bathing or showering removes the protective layer of oil on the skin. Because of this, the skin may quickly become rough and dry. The applied moisturizers keep the skin smooth and elastic, but they do not replace the fatty acids and the protective medium-chain fats, which keep the skin free from wrinkles and infections.

Immediately after washing, the skin again comes into contact with bacteria from the air, the skin, or the clothes. Before the body manages to restore the protective layer by sweating and oily secretion from sebaceous glands, the skin is much more exposed to infection, especially if it is injured. By using an appropriate oil, we can provide a substitute for the natural protective oil on the skin and re-establish a normal protective layer more quickly.

How to use Cobio’s extra-virgin coconut oil?

In the kitchen, the extra virgin Cobio coconut oil can replace any oil, margarine and butter. It is excellent for the preparation of natural cosmetics and entire body care products.

Can I use Cobio’s coconut oil on the skin as well?

Cobio’s coconut oil is a completely natural product, free of any toxic additives, which makes it suitable for both skin and hair. Cobio’s coconut oil is also easily absorbed and leaves no greasy trace on the skin.

Is Cobio’s coconut oil in liquid or solid form?

Cobio’s coconut oil is transparent and liquid at temperatures above 26° C. When cooled, it gradually becomes thicker. At temperatures below 23° C, it is solid and snowy white in colour.

Is it okay to heat coconut oil?

Coconut oil consists of vegetable saturated fats classified as medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs). Owing to their chemical structure, the oils composed of medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) exhibit some special characteristics. Due to saturated chemical bonds, they are extremely stable even at higher temperatures. These oils are therefore very suitable for cooking, baking and frying.

Does Cobio’s coconut oil contain cholesterol?

Cobio’s coconut oil does not contain cholesterol, as this is a vegetable saturated fat.

At what temperature Cobio’s coconut oil becomes solid?

At temperatures below 23° C, coconut oil is snow white and solid. If you refrigerate it, the oil will become very hard.

What is the difference between the virgin and the extra virgin Cobio coconut oil?

Cobio’s extra virgin coconut oil is obtained from the first and only pressing of coconut kernel within one hour of picking and opening of the nuts. The virgin coconut oil is obtained through cold pressing method, which is possible due to the relatively low temperature during the drying of coconut and then pressing it without heat.

What is the shelf life of Cobio’s coconut oil?

Cobio’s coconut oil has a shelf life of at least two years.

Does Cobio’s coconut oil need to be stored in a refrigerator?

Cobio’s coconut oil does not need to be refrigerated.

Does Cobio’s coconut oil contain hexane?

Cobio’s coconut oil does not contain the solvent hexane. The 100% organic label and the EU organic farming certificate guarantee that during the production and processing of Cobio’s coconut oil no solvents (such as hexane), crop sprays, fertilizers or other artificial additives are used. Cobio’s coconut oil is extracted with DME process, which ensures that extra virgin coconut oil is cold-pressed and obtained through wet process under controlled low temperatures. Mature, healthy and undamaged coconuts are picked out by farmers and cracked open within 48 hours of harvesting. Soon after opening the coconut, the coconut meat is separated from the shell by a rotary coconut grater in a process known as wet-milling. Freshly grated coconut meat is placed on a heated moving plate, where it is constantly turned. A fan over the drying plate maintains low temperatures, and quickly dries the coconut meat. When the meat is dry, farmers extract the oil manually by cold press method. Thus obtained coconut oil is then clarified by settling for 24 hours. Afterwards, the coconut oil is decanted and left to rest for a week, again decanted, and left to settle for another three weeks. At this stage the oil is clear and suitable for canning, but it can still contain coconut particles. The extra virgin coconut oil Cobio produced in this manner is of the highest quality, since it is produced directly from fresh coconuts solely by mechanical procedures. It has not been treated by chemicals nor by heating, and contains no additives. Cobio’s coconut oil obtained in this way is fresh and full of nutrients.

Hexane is used as solvent when coconut oil is extracted by dry processing the so-called “copra”, which is still the most commonly used method. However, this method does not produce high quality coconut oil, because after the coconut kernel is scraped from the shell, it is dried by fire, in a furnace, or under hot sun. This results in dry copra, which is usually exposed to dust, dirt and high temperatures during the process of drying. To extract the oil, this copra is then pressed or dissolved with solvents such as hexane, which may later remain in the pressed fat. In this process, due to the presence of solvents and impurities, they need to refine the oil to remove the smell of smoke and to prolong its shelf life. This type of oil is chemically refined and overheated, and usually also hydrogenated.

Why is Cobio’s coconut oil in plastic containers and not in the glass ones, which are considered healthier?

Even before we started our business of packaging and selling the highest quality extra virgin coconut oil as the company Cobio d.o.o., we made sure that Cobio’s coconut oil was filled into such containers which do not pose a risk to your health. In our research, we found that the PET/PETE plastic is completely safe to human health, it is not toxic or genotoxic, and it does not release harmful substances (e.g. antimony). In addition, according to the American FDA (Food and Drug Administration) standards, PET/PETE plastic meets the appropriate standards for human consumption and does not pose any health risks. PET/PETE plastic is also approved for storaging and packaging of medicinal products (adapted from: “Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) for Food Packaging Applications. International Life Sciences Institute; 2000, Washington, DC, p. 11.).

Apart from the FDA standards, we also examined other standards and it led us to similar conclusions. For example, a study carried out in 2003 by Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research showed that the claim about PET plastic releasing carcinogenic diethylhydroxylamine (DEHA) is incorrect. (Learn more about it: Kohler, M. (2003). Migration of organic components from polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles into water. (Report 429670). St. Gallen, Switzerland, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research). In addition, similar holds true regarding the presence of BPA (Bisphenol A), which is sometimes listed as a packaging component. We have not found any reports or warnings by FDA or EFSA (European Food Safety Authority) regarding the presence of BPA in PET plastic, or the possibility of BPA migrating into the contents of the packaging.

In April 2010, concerns were raised by the Environmental Health Perspectives regarding antimony migrating from PET plastic, but this has not been proven. In connection with this, the Swiss Federal Office of Public Health carried out a study, on the basis of which it was established that antimony does leach from PET plastic into food, but in entirely negligible quantities – just 1% of the allowed antimony levels (according to WHO standard). Learn more at this link: http://www.sodis.ch/methode/forschung/pet/index_EN. In addition, no warnings have been issued by EFSA regarding PET plastic, which is, otherwise, one of the most suitable plastics for recycling.

According to our data, all published research shows that PET/PETE plastic is not harmful to health. It is also important to mention that the common belief that plastic packaging is cheaper is false.  Our PET plastic container is even more expensive than a comparable glass container, because PET packaging is more resilient, more easily transported and stored than glass containers. There are also fewer limitations when handling PET packaging, the risk of mechanical damage during transport is lower, and consequently the possibility of mechanical particles entering the contents is smaller than with a glass container. This again ranks the Cobio coconut oil among the safest for the end user.

How to order larger quantities?

For large quantity orders, send an inquiry at the Wholesale page.

Coconut oil and research: